Gender identity

Gender identity is about the gender you are and it is more than just body parts. It can relate to how you feel.

Group of friends smiling

The words 'sex' and 'gender' mean two different things.


When we talk about someone's 'sex' we mean the label they are given at birth based on the body parts they have. So if someone has a vagina they are labelled girl or female and if they have a penis they are labelled boy or male.


Gender is a collection of ideas about human behaviour, actions and roles in relation to 'masculinity' and 'femininity' which have been 'constructed' by society.

What is gender identity?

Gender identity is how you describe how you feel about your gender.

Many people will identify their gender with the sex they were given at birth. However, other people might feel their gender identity is different to their biological sex.

Some people might feel that they are neither a male or a female, or identify somewhere in the middle. Their gender may also change and be 'fluid'.

Two female friends running
Group of friends
Whatever gender a person feels is perfectly normal and acceptable

Gender identity and sexual orientation.

A person's gender identity is different to their sexual orientation. Gender identity is about who you are, whereas sexual identity is about who you are attracted to. A transgender person can have any sexual or romantic orientation.

For many young people, feeling unsure about their gender is a part of growing up. But for some, these feelings continue for longer.

What it means to be transgender

Watch the video.

Source: childline


Gender dysphoria

Gender dysphoria is the uncomfortable, distressing and upsetting feeling some people get when their gender is different to the one they were given at birth.

  • This can start at any age and can affect people differently.
  • It can include not wanting to wear masculine or feminine clothing.
  • It might make you feel anxious about the changes that happen during puberty, like starting a period or voice deepening.


Some people who experience gender dysphoria might decide to transition. Transitioning is the journey a person takes from presenting themselves as the gender they were born into, to presenting themselves as the gender they feel they are. People might decide to do this in different ways and at different stages of their lives.

Some people may decide just to change their pronouns (he/she/they) or wear different clothes, others may decide to explore options for medical transition.

Looking after you

If you are questioning and exploring your gender, transitioning between genders, or thinking about transitioning, this can be a confusing, difficult and isolating experience.

  • You might find it distressing to be viewed as a gender that doesn't feel right, or being referred to with pronouns that don't match your gender identity.
  • You may also struggle with your body image and how you feel in your body.

It can also be a challenging time when you decide to come out about your gender identity.

Mental health

Whilst feeling sad, depressed, anxious, or having other difficult feelings is a normal part of life, if you feel constantly unable to cope, have feelings that are 'taking over' or can't be shifted, you might be struggling with your mental health.

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If you need support

Be assured that whatever you are feeling is okay, and there are services available to help and support you through your journey with your gender identity and mental health.

Supporting someone with their gender identity

If your friend, sibling or someone you know comes out as transgender, non-binary or gender-diverse, or is struggling with gender dysphoria, there are lots of ways that you can support them.

  • Accept them for who they are and don't question their identity. Acknowledge how scary it may have been for them to share this with you.
  • Respect how they want to be identified if they decide to change their name or their pronouns (he/she/they). Try to remember their new name and pronouns, but it is also okay to ask if you forget.
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  • Listen to your friend and make sure they know that they are not alone.
  • Be an ally and visibly support the LGBTIQA+ community.
  • Challenge bullying or discrimination if you hear someone saying nasty or offensive things.

Free2B Trans guide for young people

Information that you find online about gender and trans identities can sometimes be confusing and overwhelming. In response to this, Free2B collaborated with their youth members to create an introduction guide to key topics facing young trans people.

Young person

The guide includes information about:

  • Trans and non-binary identities
  • Gender markers
  • Gender affirming techniques
  • Managing gender dysphoria and wellbeing

View the guide here – Trans Guide – Free2B

Get support with your gender identity

If you are struggling with your gender identity, it is important to know that you are not alone. There are people who can help you and things can get better. There are helplines, counsellors and mental health professionals, as well as peer support groups that you can talk to and who will understand what you are going through.

Free2B are a London-based community organisation supporting LGBTQ+ young people and their parents by providing wellbeing support, safe spaces and proactive education.

Free2B run a youth club, and provide a peer support group and 1:1 support for LGBTQ young people aged 13-19.


Telephone: 07529 221 239

young people – Free2B

Spectra run a variety of peer-led trans services for all trans and gender-diverse peers, including counselling, peer mentoring, 1-2-1 mentoring, advocacy, and social groups.

Works with the transgender community, with an emphasis on supporting young trans people aged 8-25. Has free resources for trans and gender-questioning young people and their families.

An emotion and mental support helpline for anyone identifying as transgender, non-binary and gender-fluid (or their friends and family members).

Telephone: 0300 330 5468

Opening times: Monday and Friday, 8pm-Midnight.

Supports and provides information for transgender and gender-diverse young people (up to age 19).

Free helpline. Telephone: 0808 801 0400 and webchat service Monday – Friday, 9am – 9pm


Text chat for free 24/7 crisis support: text MERMAIDS to 85258

Supports LGBTQ+ young people aged 16-25 in the UK who are facing or experiencing homelessness, or living in a hostile environment.

You can refer yourself online to arrange a face-to-face appointment with a member of staff in their Bristol, London, Manchester or Newcastle centres.

Offers free webchat service.

The Beaumont Society is a national self help body at the forefront of supporting the transgender community, together with their partners and families, as well as advising and training on transgender issues.

Telephone: 01582 412220 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year.

If you need help or advice please click here to find a service near you.