When times get tough people can turn to drinking or drugs to cope with stress and anxiety.
They can seem to reduce worries or help us to cope with difficulties in life. But in many cases they make you feel worse – physically and emotionally.
If you already have a mental health problem or get depressed, taking drugs or alcohol can heighten those feelings. Heavy drinking or regular drug use can also affect your home life, school/college work, friendships and relationships and stop you functioning normally.
There are better ways to cope with stress, like eating well, exercising regularly and taking time out to spend with friends or doing something you enjoy.
Misusing drugs can cause damage to your body, as well as creating personal and social problems. Injecting drugs with a needle and syringe that someone else has used may lead to a number of diseases from infected blood, including HIV and Hepatitis.
Here are some examples of what specific drugs can do to your health:
Cannabis – Weed, Puff, Pot, Dope
Cannabis has been linked to mental health problems such as schizophrenia and, when smoked, to lung diseases including asthma. Mixing it with tobacco is likely to increase the risk of heart disease and lung cancer.
It affects how your brain works, so regular use can make concentration and learning very difficult or lead to paranoia. Frequent use can have a negative effect on your fertility.
New Psychoactive Substances – (NPS) Plant Food, Clockwork Orange, Bliss
As you can never be sure what is actually in the NPS, you can’t be sure what effect it’s going to have on you or your friends. They can cause paranoia, coma, seizures and in rare cases death.
Cocaine – Coke, Charlie, Crack, White
Snorting cocaine can damage the cartilage of your nose, injecting increases your risk of an overdose and also damages your veins and body tissues. Cocaine could cause an overdose by overstimulating the heart and nervous system, which can lead to a heart attack.
If you've had previous mental health problems, it can increase the chance of these returning.
Ecstasy – E, MDMA, Mandy, XTC
Using ecstasy affects how your body controls temperature which can lead to overheating and dehydration. However it also tends to stop your body producing enough urine which means drinking too much fluid can be dangerous for your brain as your body could be retaining the fluid.
Long-term use has been linked with memory problems, depression and anxiety.
Nitrous Oxide – Laughing Gas, Hippie Crack, Whippits, Chargers
Regular use of Nitrous Oxide can cause Vitamin B deficiency which can cause serious nerve damage. This can lead to numbness in the fingers, toes and other extremities, and even difficulties with walking and pains in the affected areas. Laughing Gas can also cause unconsciousness or even death - this occurs when the available oxygen for breathing is effectively pushed out by the nitrous oxide.
Xanax is a sedative drug and is used to treat short term anxiety and anxiety accompanying depression. However it is not prescribed in the UK under the NHS. When used in larger quantities, it can cause people to feel confused or disoriented. It can cause short-term memory loss and big doses can make you forgetful and overly sleepy. Xanax can be highly physically and psychologically addictive and individuals can build a tolerance very quickly. Any drug bought illegally is not always what says it is on the packet. It can be mixed with various unknown substances and there is no way of knowing what is in it, or how your body may react. Read our '5 harm reduction tips for Xanax' for more information.
LEAN is a homemade drink typically made from a cocktail of substances, including a cough syrup which contains the highly addictive prescription-only drug codeine. Mixed with unknown quantities of other substances, using LEAN may have unpredictable effects which can include breathing difficulties, or longer term psychological or physical dependency.
Frank has compiled an A-Z of drugs. Here you can find out each drug’s different names, the effects it has, the risks involved and what the law says.